2. There are three types of matrix organizations: Weak Matrix; Balanced. A weak matrix organizational structure is similar to a functional structure -- where authority is primarily held by the functional manager. The disadvantages of matrix organization are as follows-. The identifying feature of a matrix organization is that some managers report to two bosses rather than to the traditional single boss; there is a dual rather than a single chain of command. But in the strong matrix structure the functional manager still holds some management and resource authority. Typically the efficiency of matrix organizations is higher. Clearly defined career paths for employees; Better communication channels It is a blend of functional and project-oriented organizations. Project manager reports to functional manager. People can be selected based on skills and suitability. But in the strong matrix structure the functional manager still holds some management and resource authority. Power is enjoyed by the project manager Low bit more than the functional manager. 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Project manager works like a project coordinator or project expeditor. The main benefit of matrix organization is that highly skilled and capable resources can be shared between the functional units and important strategic projects. The following are a few disadvantages of a matrix organization structure: 1. Many organizations have thus, for various reasons including the inability to make the two-boss system work, modified the matrix by shifting the balance of power. Employees may become confused regarding their roles and responsibilities, especially when they are assigned to a task which is somewhat different than what they were doing. In a strong matrix organization, many of the same attributes for the project team exits, but project manager gains power and time when it comes to project work. Team reports to both functional and project manager. Conflict between the project manager and the functional manager must resolve as early as possible, and in private. Other Technical Queries, Domain b. An organization may use different structures in various parts. PM can utilize his or her project management skill on the projects. Discuss the differences between a strong and a weak matrix organization. Sometimes unclear priorities may also confuse the employees. Weak matrix vs strong matrix. ], A balanced matrix structure has many of the same attributes as a weak matrix, but the project manager has more time and power regarding the project. The functional manager brings the necessary resources to complete the project. In addition, the administrative staff is part-time on the project. A weak matrix retains the management of the project in the hands of the functional managers instead of the project team, like this: On the other side, a strong matrix is still a functional organizational structure, but has a completely separate project management arm. This is a type of organizational structure which facilitates a horizontal flow of skills and informations. Conflict arises as resources are pulled in several directions and this leads to ambiguity. A matrix organization is a blended organizational structure. In practice, there are more proj… ULTIMATE GUIDE for Preparing PMI-ACP Certification Exam [Don’t Miss It!! Under this structure, functional managers are responsible for products created within their areas of expertise. This is mainly applied in large projects or product development processes, and hiring employees from different disciplines.. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Big Data A conflict may arise between the project manager and the functional manager regarding the authority and power. For example, in a weak matrix organization functional managers might actually “own” the employees, have full control over all budgets and employee incentives, and deal with all support organizations. 1. Matrix Organization: Matrix Organizations are organizations with structures that carries a blend of the characteristics of functional and projectized organizations. PM can take decision on the allocation of the resources. Here the knowledge, skill and talent of an employee is shared between the functional department and project management. PRINCE2® is a [registered] trade mark of AXELOS Limited, used under permission of AXELOS Limited. We at Whizlabs are aimed to help you in having a bright career and so we bring project management certifications online training and practice tests. A balanced matrix still has time accountability issues for all the project team members since their functional managers will want reports on their time within the project.In this type of organization. Roles and responsibilities must be documented and clearly communicated to avoid the confusion. Matrix Organizational Structure. I am looking for: Getting matrix management right is linked inextricably to an organization’s culture - the only sustainable competitive advantage. It is a good environment for professionals to develop their career. READ MORE on www.project-management-skills.com. All rights reserved. One supervisor who demands information from a worker, it can become confusing know... Is about to minimize the difference between the customer and team `` ''. Exam [ Don ’ t Miss it! the strength and weakness of projectized and functional manager regarding authority. Respective owners resources to complete the project budget and staffing and this leads to ambiguity functional, matrix. Generally matrix organizations have more time available for the project roles such as project manager the. Are functional, balanced matrix and strong matrix this is a new project manager as as! Functional management line structure is normally in place first, and hiring employees different! 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