Bus. Key words: business economics, business mana-gement, enterprise architecture, informa﬒ on technologies. business, data, application, technology) and showing inter-dependencies. Systems-level planning is not sufficient for the management and planning of technology and other resources in enterprises with significant size and complexity. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture. Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisboa (2010), Teoh, S.Y., Shun, C.: Innovative Capability Development Process: a Singapore IT Healthcare Case Study. University of California at Berkeley, Center for Research in Management, Consortium on Competitiveness and Cooperation (1990), Duhan, S., Levy, M., Powell, P.: IS Strategy in SMEs Using Organizational Capabilities: the CPX Framework. A gap may be associated with any number of core elements. Digital Enterprise Architecture: Four Elements Critical to Solution Envisioning Today’s digital organization demands an enterprise architecture that is guided by its intended business outcome and which can inform strategy embracing a multidimensional approach covering digitization, data management, analytics, AI and automation. Figure 46 gives an overview of the strategy elements … Strateg. Top managers need to decide which competences are key to the success of the business so that they may … Typically, architecture governance must be conformant with both the overall corporate governance and the established IT governance mechanisms and structures. A core competence is a key skill that gives a firm a competitive advantage. From enterprise architecture to IT governance: elements of effective IT management. For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. Deciding what core competences a company needs to focus on is something that happens at the enterprise level of strategy. We will list several of them. The following chapters of this section will describe why EA is valuable to many types of enterprises, what the risks of doing EA are, and how to ensure that EA is driven by strategic goals and business requirements. Take existing architectures and pull common elements into a repository. This example is called Living Enterprise™ and it is designed to support documentation that is organized through the use of the EA³ Cube framework. We follow Janssen and Verbraeck (2005) and define enterprise architecture as the coordination of subsystems at various levels of abstractions for the purpose of developing the NGI. : Guidelines for performing systematic literature reviews in software engineering. The third basic element is “Methodology” which are specific steps to establish and maintain an EA program, via the selected approach. University College Cork, Ireland (2005), Sun, C.M., Chen, R.S. The first core element is “Governance” which identifies the planning, decision-making, and oversight processes and groups that will determine how the EA is developed and maintained, accomplished as part of an organization’s overall governance. Take existing architectures and pull common elements into a repository. : An ontology‐based well‐founded proposal for modeling re‐sources and capabilities in ArchiMate. Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) is expected to contribute to strategic planning and systematic development of enterprises by capturing the essential structures and processes of an enterprise on different architectural levels (e.g. 213.32.100.69. FEA Framework v2 The Federal Enterprise Architecture Framework v2 describes a suite of tools to help government planners implement the Common Approach. A relational repository is needed for all enterprise architecture artifacts as well as for documenting and managing requirements and tracing them to business goals. In terms of defining a common language, two elements of TOGAF are important. If you have existing architectures for projects or lines of business, and you want to create an enterprise architecture, the easiest approach is to populate your EA from the bottom up. University College Cork, Ireland (2013), Butler, T., Murphy, C.: Integrating Dynamic Capability and Commitment Theory for Research on IT Capabilities and Resources. RMIT University, National University of Singapore, Australia, Singapore (2009), Hecht, S., Wittges, H., Krcmar, H.: IT Capabilities in ERP Maintenance - a Review of the ERP Post-Implementation Literature. University of Twente, Bizzdesign, Netherland (2012). A core competence is a key skill that gives a firm a competitive advantage. LNBIP, vol. Enterprise architecture (EA) is "a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation, using a comprehensive approach at all times, for the successful development and execution of strategy. Historically, architecture at SKF has been viewed – not unlike most IT organizations – as being technical and mostly associated with application and infrastructure-related orders and management. At the core of this transformation is the VA Enterprise Architecture (EA). An enterprise architecture (EA) is a construct that communicates an organization’s entire enterprise system, consisting of technologies, processes, and information assets. Architectural elements In this section, we will review some of the architectural concepts and elements which are related and often utilized when implementing microservices-based architecture. Enterprise architects provide facilitation and integration to enable this collaborative planning discipline, and work with specialists and subject matter experts from these planning groups in order to formulate a plan of action that not only meets needs but is also implementable within financial, political, and organizational constraints. Introduction to enterprise architecture. EA tools provide support for strategic decision-making by capturing vital enterprise contexts, along with content development and analysis capabilities across the business, information, technology and solution architectures. In this section, we will review some of the architectural concepts and elements which are related and often utilized when implementing microservices-based architecture. But, in the context of this new, integrated approach to strategic planning, the EA function becomes more integrated within the organization and more focused on clearly defined objectives. Governance. The visual model produced by the process is the Core Diagram that includes all the elements of an enterprise architecture that can be exploited as a robust foundation for execution. The purpose of an EA management program was presented: strategic alignment, standardized policy, decision support, and resource development. Governance. (2011). It provides various perspectives from a technology and business standpoint, allowing organizations to take a disciplined approach for managing those systems. The envisioned enterprise creates the alignment of strategic direction, business operations, technology, and data and is methodically designed, aggregated, and managed to deliver the right information to the right place at the right time. The Enterprise Architecture Approach For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. A location may be assigned to work packages and deliverables. Enterprise Architecture (EA) is not just an approach to fix a single problem — it helps develop an entire ecosystem to run the business smoothly. Springer, Heidelberg (2013), Stirna, J., Grabis, J., Henkel, M., Zdravkovic, J.: Capability driven development – an approach to support evolving organizations. Enterprise Architecture (EA) has been instrumental in that journey, and in this article, we provide some valuable lessons that we have learned on our journey to build an Enterprise Architecture Management (EAM) function to support our digital transformation, and how we used EAM to become and remain relevant during digital disruption. Manag. EA is an improved approach that looks at systems holistically as well as provides a strategy and business context. Top managers need to decide which competences are key to the success of the business so that they may … Some of the frameworks have a very specific scope and therefore are applicable to those applications. Develop an EIM strategy and use it for your application and integration programs. There are 4 key elements that companies must fully understand to master EA maturity. They send an important message to your stakeholders — that EA recommendations are not arbitrary. enterprise is required. LNBIP, vol. An artifact is a deliverable. In Enterprise Architecture at Work, The Enterprise Engineering Series. Oxford Brookes University, University of Warwick, Centre for Information Management, UK (2005), Azevedo, C.L.B., et al. Leadership and Talent Development 3. There are 4 key elements that companies must fully understand to master EA maturity. Enterprise business capabilities are a foundational construct in business architecture and are a decomposition of what a company does and can do. Enterprise architecture (EA) governance is a practice encompassing the fundamental aspects of managing a business. Enterprise architecture tools capture, store, structure, and analyze information pertaining to enterprise architecture. elements of the enterprise architecture. EA Core Element #3: Implementation Methodology. Here’s how to get started. There are other, more elaborate methods on the market. Kitchenham, B.A. Executive management can use the core diagram produced by the enterprise architects as a means to build shared vision with the intrapreneurs for how the venture will operate. It provides various perspectives from a technology and business standpoint, allowing organizations to take a disciplined approach for managing those systems. The EA framework EA3 and the concept of EA is not only focusing on IT but can be applied on various other fields of interest. : How Information Technology Capabilities Influence Organizational Innovation: Exploratory Findings from Two Case Studies. J. Duhan, S., Levy, M., Powell, P.: IS Strategy in SMEs Using Organizational Capabilities: the CPX Framework. 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